Creating Flow in the Junior High Choral Classroom
This paper will seek to define psychologist Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi's concept of "flow" and apply it to teaching junior high choral music. The nine components of flow are described in detail and then are directly related to the choir classroom with practical strategies given for each one. The components of flow are: challenge-skills balance, action-awareness merging, clear goals, unambiguous feedback, concentration on the task at hand, sense of control, loss of self-consciousness, transformation of time and autotelic experience. By creating a student-centered classroom environment based on a constructivist philosophy, teachers can create flow experiences for their students in order to empower students to become lifelong learners.