Sleep Disorders 

***Caution: these symptoms must be severe to qualify for a sleep disorder,but do not have to have all of the symptoms to qualify for a Sleep Disorder. Also before seeking clinical help try practicing good sleep hygiene if you do not do so already. If these symptoms are severe enough to cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning, contact a doctor for an appointment right away.

           

Insomnia:

  • Difficulty falling asleep at night or maintaining sleep
  • Waking up frequently during the night
  • Your sleep feels light, fragmented, or nonrestorative.
  • You need to take a medicine or use alcohol in order to get to sleep
  • Experiencing sleepiness, fatigue, or low energy during the day
  • Often but not always before bed you feel like your mind, body, or emotions increase in activity
  • Must be present for at least a month

Inadequate Sleep Hygiene:

  • Insomnia-like symptoms present for at least 1 month
  • At least one of the following
    • Improper sleep scheduling consisting of frequent daytime napping, selecting highly variable bedtimes or rising times, or spending excessive amounts of time in bed
    • Routine use of products containing alcohol, nicotine, or caffeine, especially in the period preceding bedtime
    • Engagement in mentally stimulating, physical activities, or emotionally upsetting activities too close to bedtimes
    • Frequent use of the bed for activities other than sleep (such as TV watching, reading, studying, snacking, thinking, planning, gaming)
    • Failure to maintain a comfortable sleeping environment
    • The sleep disturbance is not better explained by another sleep disorder, medical or neurologic disorder, mental disorder, medication use, or substance use disorder

Delayed Sleep Phase Disorder:

  • Unable to get to sleep earlier than 2-6 am no matter how hard they try
  •  Struggle to go to sleep and get up at socially acceptable times, or pattern of late sleep onset and late awakening times, and an inability to fall asleep and wake when desired
  • When allowed to keep their own hours (such as during s school break or holiday), they fall into a regular sleep schedule
  • Delayed sleep phase disorder is most common in teenagers, and many teens will eventually grow out of it

Sleep Apnea:

  • Loud, chronic snoring
  • Frequent pauses in breathing during sleep
  • Grasping, snorting or choking during sleep
  • Feeling like sleep is nonrestorative after waking and sleepy during the day, no matter how much time you spend asleep
  • Waking up with shortness of breath, chest pains, headaches, nasal congestion, or dry throat

Restless Legs Syndrome:

  • Uncomfortable sensations deep within the legs, accompanied by a strong urge to move them
  • The leg sensations are triggered by rest and get worse at night
  • The uncomfortable sensations temporarily get better when you move, stretch, or massage your legs
  • Repetitive cramping or jerking of the legs during sleep

Narcolepsy:

  • Seeing or hearing things when you’re drowsy or starting to dream before you’re fully asleep
  • Suddenly feeling weak or losing control of your muscles when you’re laughing, angry, or experiencing other strong emotions
  • Dreaming right away after going to sleep or have intense dreams
  • Feeling paralyzed and unable to move when you’re waking up or dozing off