Create supportive activities and assignments
For each high-stakes writing assignment,
1. Break down the sequence of work: what steps will students need to take to complete the project?
2. Decide which steps in the process will prove most challenging.
3. Of those challenging parts, which most align with the assignment's learning objectives?
4. Create support activities for the steps of the assignment that are both especially challenging and align most with the learning objectives.
Support should always include drafts and revisions based on feedback from you and, if possible, from peers.
Other forms of support: breaking the project into stages or parts, in-class exercises and low/medium-stakes assignments in order to practice critical skills and/or accomplish parts of the assignment, formative use of evaluation criteria (students apply the criteria to a sample essay or you annotate a sample essay using the criteria).