The Effect of Three Teaching Processes on the Ability to Learn and Retain Xylophone Melodies
This study was designed to examine the effect of three teaching processes on a child's ability to accurately perform musical aspects of two instrumental melodies from Music for Children, Vol. I (Orff, adapted by Murray, 1958). The three teaching processes are termed structured successive approximation, forward chaining, and backward chaining. Steady beat, rhythmic accuracy, tonal accuracy, and phrasing were the musical aspects that were assessed. Melodies were taught using a recorded performance followed by individual instruction on alto xylophones set up in C pentatonic.