The Effect of Recorder Study on Vocal Pitch-Making Accuracy in Third- and Fourth-Grade Students
Singing in tune is a fundamental skill in the music classroom. This emphasis on the ability to match pitch with the voice requires that a great deal of class time be spent on singing. Furthermore, extensive research into the factors affecting pitch-matching ability has increased the general understanding of vocalization. Playing the soprano recorder is often taught as a supplementary skill, separate and unrelated to singing, even though both voice and recorder are melody instrument with tone produced by the breath. The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether there were differences in vocal pitch-matching accuracy between students who learned to play recorder and those who did not, as well as to further interest in recorder study and research.