Pedagogical Approaches to Improvising
The intent of this study was to determine how and to what extent Orff-Schulwerk and non-Orff-Schulwerk teachers include question and answer techniques in the teaching of improvisation. The researcher was interested in how often teachers participate in activities related to improvisation. Specifically, to what extent do they participate in activities that involve improvisational techniques such as: (1) consequent-antecedent phrases; (2) spontaneous play (free style improvisation); (3) melodic or rhythmic fragments; and (4) chordal or scale structures e.g., borduns, backgrounds, or pentatonic scales. To what extent do teachers plan for improvisation in their lessons?