James L. Oberstar Professor of Law and Public Policy
1000 LaSalle Avenue
Minneapolis, MN 55403-2015
J.D., University of Chicago Law School
M.A., Religion, University of Chicago
M.A., Philosophy and Politics, Oxford University (Rhodes Scholar)
B.S., Northwestern University
Thomas Berg grew up in Chicago and received a B.S. in journalism from Northwestern University, an M.A. in philosophy and politics from Oxford University, and both an M.A. in religious studies and a J.D. from the University of Chicago. He was a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford. While in law school, Berg served as executive editor of the law review, won the Beale and Bustin prizes for legal scholarship and writing, and served as musical director for three law-student musical comedy shows. After clerking for Judge Alvin Rubin of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, Berg practiced law in Chicago with Mayer, Brown and Platt doing general commercial litigation, appellate litigation, and nonprofit institutions’ legal work.
Berg teaches constitutional law, law and religion, intellectual property, and the religious liberty appellate clinic. In the clinic he supervises students writing briefs in major religious liberty cases, drawing on his experience drafting nearly 40 briefs on issues of religious liberty and free speech in the Supreme Court and lower courts.
In addition to serving as an advocate, Berg is among the nation’s leading scholars of law and religion. He has written approximately 50 book chapters and journal articles and dozens of op-eds and shorter pieces on religious freedom, constitutional law, and the role of religion in law, politics and society. His work has been cited several times by the U.S. Supreme Court and federal courts of appeals. He is the author of several books, including a leading casebook, Religion and the Constitution (with Michael McConnell and John Garvey, Aspen Law Books), and The State and Religion in a Nutshell (West). His other chief scholarly interest is in the relation of intellectual property rights, social justice, and human development.
Berg has served as UST School of Law’s Associate Dean for Academic Affairs and as co-director of the Murphy Institute for Catholic Thought, Law, and Public Policy. He has received the Religious Liberty Defender of the Year Award (1996) from the Christian Legal Society, the Alpha Sigma Nu Book Award (2004) from the Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities, and the John Courtney Murray Award from DePaul University College of Law for contributions to church-state studies.
Berg has also been a visiting professor at the University of Aix (France) and the University of Siena (Italy). He has made dozens of presentations to academic, professional, religious, and community groups and has testified before Congress and state legislatures multiple times. He contributes regularly to Mirror of Justice, a weblog on Catholic thought and law, and the Whole Life Democrat blog. He is past chair of the Law and Religion Section of the Association of American Law Schools and a current or past board member for several organizations, including the Democrats for Life of America. He collaborates on musical comedy shows with his wife Maureen, a playwright, and performs in the Twin Cities Gilbert & Sullivan company.
|Description of course 605 :||This course will introduce students to the United States Constitution and to the role of courts in interpreting it. Students will examine the governmental structures set up by the Constitution, including the relationship between the federal and state governments and the relationship among branches of the federal government. The course will intro- duce students to the protection of individual rights under the Fourteenth Amendment in areas like racial, sexual and other forms of equality; implied rights of equality in voting; access to the courts; and rights of privacy in mat- ters like marriage, family and sexual activity. Students will develop skills in framing and responding to con- stitutional arguments and in evaluating the role of courts in making policy through constitutional decisions.|
|Description of course 794 :||The subject matter of these courses will vary from year to year, but will not duplicate existing courses. Descriptions of these courses are available in the Searchable Class Schedule on Murphy Online, View Searchable Class Schedule|
|Description of course 797 :|
|Description of course 798 :|
|843||1st Amendment: Relig Libert||3|
|Description of course 843 :||This course will explore the historical development of religious liberty and issues arising under the Free Exercise and Establishment Clauses of the First Amendment, including religious exemptions from general laws, school vouchers and other forms of government aid to religious organizations, school prayer and other issues concerning religion in government settings, and the involvement of religion in politics.|
|950||Supervised Resrch & Writing||.5|
|Description of course 950 :||Under the supervision of a faculty member, a student may receive up to two hours of course credit for researching and writing a substantial paper on a topic of the student's own choosing. The student must receive the instructor's per- mission to enroll in this course and must meet periodically with the instructor for discussion, review and evaluation. Each faculty member may supervise the research of no more than five students each semester.|
First Amendment: Religious Liberties
Law and Religion
My most frequent scholarly theme is that we can best handle modern church-state problems in America by adapting our historic system of “voluntarism” in religion: rules and principles that minimize government’s involvement in religious matters and that respect how private individuals and groups voluntarily choose to pursue religion. In various articles I have outlined the historic meaning of voluntarism and how to apply it to today’s challenges of religious pluralism and large, welfare-state government; argued that properly designed government funding programs can promote religious choice; and argued that voluntarism can best protect minority rights. One of my recent articles described how states could recognize civil marriage for same-sex couples and also protect religious liberty for traditional believers who object to facilitating or recognizing such marriages – enabling both sides in the culture wars to live out their deep commitments without government discouragement or interference.
Upcoming: Projects on “Christian Realism and Public Life”; religious liberty and political allegiance; intellectual property and religious thought.
Michael W. McConnell, John H. Garvey & Thomas C. Berg, Religion and the Constitution (3d ed. Aspen Publishers 2011).
The Free Exercise of Religion Clause: Its Constitutional History and the Contemporary Debate (Thomas C. Berg ed., Prometheus Books 2008).
Michael W. McConnell, John H. Garvey & Thomas C. Berg, Religion and the Constitution (2d ed. Aspen Publishers 2006) (with Teacher’s Manual).
Religious Organizations in the United States: A Study of Identity, Liberty, and Law (James Serritella, Thomas C. Berg, Cole Durham, Edward Gaffney, & Craig Mousin eds., Carolina Academic Press 2006).
Thomas C. Berg, The Story of the School Prayer Cases, in First Amendment Stories (Richard Garnett & Andrew Koppelman eds., Foundation Press 2011).
Thomas C. Berg, Lemon v. Kurtzman: The Parochial School Crisis and the Establishment Clause, in Law and Religion Cases in Context (Leslie Griffin ed., Aspen Publishers 2010).
Thomas C. Berg, Religious Structures Under the Federal Constitution, in Religious Organizations in the United States (James A. Serritella et al. eds., Carolina Academic Press 2006).
Thomas C. Berg, Religiously Affiliated Education, in Religious Organizations in the United States (James A. Serritella et al. eds., Carolina Academic Press 2006).
Thomas C. Berg, Can State-Sponsored Religious Symbols Promote Religious Liberty?, J. Cath. Leg. Stud. (forthcoming 2013).
Thomas C. Berg, Kimberlee Wood Colby, Carl H. Esbeck, & Richard W. Garnett, Religious Freedom, Church-State Separation, and the Ministerial Exception, Notre Dame Law School Legal Studies Research Paper No. 11-38 (2011).
Thomas C. Berg, Julie A. Oseid, & Joseph A. Orrino, The Power of Rigor: James Madison as a Persuasive Writer, 8 J. Legal Comm. & Rhetoric: JALWD 37 (2011).
Thomas C. Berg, The Story of the School Prayer Decisions: Civil Religion Under Assault, U. St. Thomas Legal Stud. Res. Paper No. 11-18 (2011).
Thomas C. Berg, Religious Displays and the Voluntary Approach to Church and State, 63 Okla. L. Rev. 47 (2010).
Thomas C. Berg, What Same-Sex Marriage and Religious-Liberty Claims Have in Common, 5 Nw. J.L. & Soc. Pol’y 206 (2010).
Thomas C. Berg, Religious-School Financing and Educational Pluralism in the American Tradition, 84 Antonianum Periodicum Trimestre (2009).
Thomas C. Berg, Religious Organizational Freedom and Conditions on Government Benefits, 7 Geo. J. L. & Pub. Pol’y 165 (2009).
Thomas C. Berg, Intellectual Property and the Preferential Option for the Poor, 5 J. Cath. Soc. Thought 193 (2008).
Thomas C. Berg, Religious Choice and Exclusions of Religion, 157 U. Pa. L. Rev. PENNumbra 100 (2008).
Thomas C. Berg, John Courtney Murray and Reinhold Niebuhr: Natural Law and Christian Realism, 4 J. Cath. Soc. Thought 3 (2007).
Thomas C. Berg, Can Religious Liberty Be Protected As Equality?, 85 Tex. L. Rev. 1185 (2007).
Thomas C. Berg, The Rehnquist Court and the First Amendment: What’s Right and Wrong with "No Endorsement", 21 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol’y 307 (2006).
Thomas C. Berg, Christianity and the Secular in Modern Public Life, 2 U. St. Thomas L.J. 425 (2005).
Thomas C. Berg, Pro-Life Progressivism and the Fourth Option in American Public Life, 2 U. St. Thomas L.J. 235 (2005).
Thomas C. Berg, The Permissible Scope of Legal Limitations on the Freedom of Religion or Belief in the United States, 19 Emory Int’l L. Rev. 1277 (2005).
Thomas C. Berg, The Voluntary Principle and Church Autonomy, Then and Now, 2004 B.Y.U. L. Rev. 1593 (2004).
Thomas C. Berg, Minority Religions and the Religion Clauses, 82 Wash. U. L.Q. 919 (2004).
Thomas C. Berg & Douglas Laycock, The Mistakes in Locke v. Davey and the Future of State Payments for Services Provided by Religious Institutions, 40 Tulsa L. Rev. 227 (2004).
Thomas C. Berg, Copying for Religious Reasons: A Comment on Principles of Copyright and Religious Freedom, 21 Cardozo Arts & Ent. L.J. 287 (2003).
Thomas C. Berg, Vouchers and Religious Schools: The New Constitutional Questions, 72 U. Cin. L. Rev. 151 (2003).
Thomas C. Berg, The Pledge of Allegiance and the Limited State, 8 Tex. Rev. L. & Pol. 41 (2003).
Thomas C. Berg, The Protestant Experience in America, 1 Geo. J.L. & Pub. Pol’y 293 (2003).
Thomas C. Berg, Race Relations and Modern Church-State Relations, 43 B.C. L. Rev. 1009 (2002).
Thomas C. Berg, Religious Liberty in America at the End of the Century, 16 J.L. & Religion 187 (2001).
Thomas C. Berg, Anti-Catholicism and Modern Church-State Relations, 33 Loy. U. Chi. L.J. 121 (2001).
Thomas C. Berg, Religious Conservatives and the Death Penalty, 9 Wm. & Mary Bill Rts. J. 31 (2000).
Thomas C. Berg & Frank Myers, The Alabama Religious Freedom Amendment: An Interpretive Guide, 31 Cumb. L. Rev. 47 (2000).
Thomas C. Berg, State Religious Freedom Statutes in Private and Public Education, 32 U.C. Davis L. Rev. 531 (1999).
Thomas C. Berg, Religious Speech in the Workplace: Harassment or Protected Speech?, 22 Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol’y 959 (1999).
Thomas C. Berg & Frank Myers, The Alabama Religious Freedom Amendment: A Lawyer’s Guide, 60 Ala. Law. 396 (1999).
Thomas C. Berg, The New Attacks on Religious Freedom Legislation, and Why They Are Wrong, 21 Cardozo L. Rev. 415 (1999).
Thomas C. Berg & William G. Ross, Some Religiously Devout Justices: Historical Notes and Comments, 81 Marq. L. Rev. 383 (1998).
Thomas C. Berg, The Constitutional Future of Religious Freedom Legislation, 20 U. Ark. Little Rock L.J. 715 (1998).
Thomas C. Berg, Religion Clause Anti-Theories, 72 Notre Dame L. Rev. 693 (1997).
Thomas C. Berg, Religion, Race, Segregation, and Districting: Comparing Kiryas Joel with Shaw, 26 Cumb. L. Rev. 365 (1995-1996).
Thomas C. Berg, Church-State Relations and the Social Ethics of Reinhold Niebuhr, 73 N.C. L. Rev. 1567 (1995).
Thomas C. Berg, Slouching Towards Secularism: A Comment on Kiryas Joel School District v. Grumet, 44 Emory L.J. 433 (1995).
Thomas C. Berg, What Hath Congress Wrought? An Interpretive Guide to the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, 39 Vill. L. Rev. 1 (1994).
Thomas C. Berg, The Guarantee of Republican Government: Proposals for Judicial Review, 54 Chi. L. Rev. 208 (1987).
Thomas C. Berg, Reinhold Neibuhr on Human Nature, Sin, and Justice, 1 J. Christian Legal Thought 9 (2011).
Thomas C. Berg, Taking Exception: Gay Marriage Legislation, 26 The Christian Century 12 (2009).
Thomas C. Berg, Ministers, Minimum Wages, and Church Autonomy, 9 Engage 135 (2008).
Thomas C. Berg, Diversity and Devotion, 1 St. Thomas Law. 20 (2008).
Thomas C. Berg, Testimony on H.R.2015, The Employment Non-Discrimination Act of 2007, House Education and Labor Committee, Subcommittee on Health, Employment, Labor and Pensions, Sept. 5, 2007.
Thomas C. Berg, Religious Freedom After Boerne, 2 Nexus 91 (1997).
Thomas C. Berg, Civility, Politics, and Civil Society: Response to Anthony Kronman, 26 Cumb. L. Rev. 871 (1996).
Thomas C. Berg, Church of Lukumi Babalu Aye v. Hileah, in 1 Encyclopedia of the Supreme Court of the United States 303 (David S. Tanenhaus ed., Gale Publishing 2008).
Thomas C. Berg, State Religious Freedom Statutes, in The Encyclopedia of American Civil Liberties 1548 (Paul Finkelman ed., Routledge Press 2006).
Thomas C. Berg, No Coercion Test, in The Encyclopedia of American Civil Liberties 1101 (Paul Finkelman ed., Routledge Press 2006).
Thomas C. Berg, Establishment Clause Doctrine, in The Encyclopedia of American Civil Liberties 533 (Paul Finkelman ed., Routledge Press 2006).
Thomas C. Berg, Bd. of Ed., Kiryas Joel School Dist. v. Grumet, in The Encyclopedia of American Civil Liberties 157 (Paul Finkelman ed., Routledge Press 2006).
Thomas C. Berg, Laycock’s Legacy, 89 Tex. L. Rev. 901 (2011) (reviewing Douglas Laycock, Religious Liberty, Volume One: Overviews & History (2010)).
Thomas C. Berg, Christian Politics, Old and New, 135 Commonweal 22 (2008) (reviewing E.J. Dionne, Souled Out; Mark Toulouse, God in Public; and Gary Wills, Head and Heart: American Christianities).
Thomas C. Berg, Is “Integrity” Empty, or Worse?, 27 Cumb. L. Rev. 653 (1997) (reviewing Stephen L. Carter, Integrity (1996)).