Occupational therapists (OTs.) currently earn an entry-level master's degree or doctorate degree from a university/college program.  Professional programs typically require coursework concentrating on the biological and behavioral sciences, including biology, anatomy, psychology, and sociology.  In addition to the coursework, students complete at least 6 months of supervised clinical internships in a variety of health care and community settings.

Occupational therapy assistants (OTA) earn a 2-year associate degree from an occupational therapy assistant program. They will generally work under the supervision of an occupational therapist.