Natural Science and Mathematical and Quantitative Reasoning

(12 credits)

Students are required to take a core-area course in natural science with a laboratory component, a core-area course in mathematics, and a third core-area course in natural science (with a laboratory component), mathematics (MATH 114 or higher), quantitative reasoning or computer science.

Core-area courses in natural science focus on the natural world and develop students’ abilities to evaluate scientific arguments critically.  Courses also enhance students' quantitative and analytical reasoning skills. The laboratory component of these courses is an inquiry-based approach with opportunities for students to refine their observational skills through the acquisition and organization of data, analysis and interpretation of data, and the presentation of conclusions orally or in writing.

Students select one of the following core-area natural science courses:

  • BIOL 101 General Biology or BIOL 105 Human Biology or BIOL 106 Women, Medicine and Biology
  • BIOL 102 Conservation Biology
  • BIOL 207 Genetics, Evolution, and Ecology
  • BIOL 208 Biological Communication & Energetics
  • CHEM 100 Chemistry in Our World
  • CHEM 101 Environmental Chemistry
  • CHEM 109 General Chemistry for Engineers
  • CHEM 111 General Chemistry I
  • CHEM 112 General Chemistry II
  • CHEM 115 Accelerated General Chemistry
  • ENGR 123 Energy and the Environment
  • GEOL 102 Origins and Methods
  • GEOL 110 Geology of the National Parks or GEOL 111 Introductory Physical Geology or GEOL 114 The Science of Natural Disasters or GEOL 115 Environmental Geology
  • GEOL 130 Earth History
  • GEOL 161 Medical Geology
  • GEOL 162 The Earth’s Record of Climate
  • GEOL 211 Earth Materials
  • GEOL 220 Oceanography
  • GEOL 252 Earth Surface Processes and Geomorphology
  • GEOL 260 Regional Geology and Geological Field Methods
  • GEOL 461 Medical Geology
  • GEOL 462 The Earth’s Record of Climate
  • IDSC 150 Development of the Natural World
  • PHYS 101 Physics as a Liberal Art I
  • PHYS 104 Astronomy
  • PHYS 105 Musical Acoustics
  • PHYS 109 General Physics I
  • PHYS 110 General Physics II
  • PHYS 111 Introduction to Classical Physics I
  • PHYS 112 Introduction to Classical Physics II 
  • PUBH 200 Emerging Disease & Glob Health
  • PUBH 210 One Health

The core-area courses in mathematical reasoning include experience in the application of relevant knowledge to solve problems; to promote the recognition and classification of numerical, geometrical, and relational patterns; to enhance students’ abilities to develop mathematical arguments; and to understand the connections between real-world data and mathematical models.

Students select one of the following core-area mathematics courses:

  • MATH 100 Mathematical Sampler
  • MATH 101 Finite Mathematics
  • MATH 109 Calculus With Review II
  • MATH 111 Calculus for Business and Social Science
  • MATH 113 Calculus I
  • MATH 114 Calculus II
  • MATH 121 Structures of Elementary Mathematics I
  • MATH 128 Introduction to Discrete Mathematics

The third core-area courses allow students to broaden or deepen their exposure to natural science, mathematics, quantitative reasoning and/or computer science.

Students select a core-area course from the following list:

  • CISC 120 Computers in Elementary Education
  • STAT 220 Statistics I (previously IDTH 220)
  • MATH 114 Calculus II
  • MATH 122 Structures of Elementary Mathematics II
  • MATH 128 Introduction to Discrete Mathematics
  • MATH 223 Structures of Elementary Mathematics III


  • a second natural science course (with laboratory) from the first group (note the restrictions involving BIOL 101,105, or 106, and GEOL 110, 111, 114 or 115).