The Neuroscience Program offers a J-term study abroad course on Tropical Neuroecology, which examines the role of the environment on the evolution and function of the nervous system in various species. Students can take advantage of both the cultural learning opportunities and the great ecological variety and biodiversity found in the subtropical environment of San Salvador Island, The Bahamas. Here, vertebrate and invertebrate species have evolved to live in the sea, in freshwater and hypersaline lakes, and in many different terrestrial environments. In this richly diverse ecosystem, students explore how nervous systems and organisms have evolved to “tune in” to specific features of the environment. The course is only the second of its kind in the world, and the only such course offered by an institution in the United States.