Major in Geology (B.A.)

Four credits from the following:

  • GEOL 110 Geology of the National Parks (4 credits)
  • GEOL 111 Introductory Physical Geology (4 credits)
  • GEOL 114 The Science of Natural Disasters (4 credits)
  • GEOL 115 Environmental Geology (4 credits)
  • GEOL 162 The Earth’s Record of Climate (4 credits)

Plus:

  • GEOL 211 Earth Materials (4 credits) or GEOL 310 Environmental Geochemistry (4 credits)
  • GEOL 260 Regional Geology and Geological Field Methods (4 credits)
  • GEOL 320 Sedimentology and Stratigraphy (4 credits)
  • GEOL 340 Fundamentals of the Lithosphere I (Petrology) (4 credits)
  • GEOL 360 Fundamentals of the Lithosphere II (Structural Geology) (4 credits)

Plus sixteen credits from the following (four credits of which must be at the 300-level or higher, and four credits which must be at the 400-level):

  • GEOL 130 Earth History (4 credits)
  • GEOL 161 Medical Geology (4 credits)
  • GEOL 162 The Earth’s Record of Climate (if not chosen above) (4 credits)
  • GEOL 211 Earth Materials (if not chosen above) (4 credits)
  • GEOL 220 Oceanography (4 credits)
  • GEOL 252 Earth Surface Processes and Geomorphology (4 credits)
  • GEOL 310 Environmental Geochemistry (4 credits) (if not chosen above)
  • GEOL 410 Hydrogeology (4 credits)
  • GEOL 430 Advanced Earth History (4 credits) 
  • GEOL 460 Advanced Field Methods (4 credits)
  • GEOL 461 Medical Geology (unless receiving credit for 161) (4 credits)
  • GEOL 462 The Earth’s Record of Climate (unless receiving credit for 162) (4 credits)
  • GEOL 491 Research (4 credits)

Note: GEOG 321 Geographic Information Systems and geology courses offered at Macalester College may fulfill one of these courses with permission of chair

Allied requirements

  • MATH 113 Calculus I (4 credits)

or

  • MATH 108 Calculus with Review I (4 credits) and MATH 109 Calculus with Review II (4 credits)

Plus one of the following sequences:

  • CHEM 111 General Chemistry I (4 credits) and CHEM 112 General Chemistry II (4 credits)
  • PHYS 111 Introduction to Classical Physics I (4 credits) and PHYS 112 Introduction to Classical Physics II (4 credits)
  • CHEM 111 General Chemistry I (4 credits) and PHYS 111 Introduction to Classical Physics I (4 credits) 

For students wishing to pursue careers in paleontology, geobiology, or geomicrobiology:

  • BIOL 207 Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution (4 credits) and BIOL 208 Biological Communication and Energetics (4 credits)

Biology may be substituted for one of the CHEM/PHYS sequences with permission of chair

Strongly recommended for students considering graduate study:

  • additional courses in the allied sciences and mathematics

Major in Geology (B.S.)

Four credits from the following:

  • GEOL 110 Geology of the National Parks (4 credits)
  • GEOL 111 Introductory Physical Geology (4 credits)
  • GEOL 114 The Science of Natural Disasters (4 credits)
  • GEOL 115 Environmental Geology (4 credits)
  • GEOL 162 The Earth’s Record of Climate (4 credits)

Plus:

  • GEOL 211 Earth Materials (4 credits) or GEOL 310 Environmental Geochemistry (4 credits)
  • GEOL 260 Regional Geology and Geological Field Methods (4 credits)
  • GEOL 320 Sedimentology and Stratigraphy (4 credits)
  • GEOL 340 Fundamentals of the Lithosphere I (Petrology) (4 credits)
  • GEOL 360 Fundamentals of the Lithosphere II (Structural Geology) (4 credits)

Plus sixteen credits from the following (four credits of which must be at the 300-level or higher, and four credits which must be at the 400-level):

  • GEOL 130 Earth History (4 credits)
  • GEOL 161 Medical Geology (4 credits)
  • GEOL 162 The Earth’s Record of Climate (if not chosen above)(4 credits)
  • GEOL 211 Earth Materials (if not chosen above) (4 credits)
  • GEOL 220 Oceanography (4 credits)
  • GEOL 252 Earth Surface Processes and Geomorphology (4 credits)
  • GEOL 310 Environmental Geochemistry (4 credits) (if not chosen above)
  • GEOL 410 Hydrogeology (4 credits)
  • GEOL 430 Advanced Earth History (4 credits)
  • GEOL 460 Advanced Field Methods (4 credits)
  • GEOL 461 Medical Geology (unless receiving credit for 161) (4 credits)
  • GEOL 462 The Earth’s Record of Climate (unless receiving credit for 162) (4 credits)
  • GEOL 491 Research (4 credits)

Note: GEOG 321 Geographic Information Systems and geology courses offered at Macalester College may fulfill one of these courses with permission of chair 

Allied requirements

  • MATH 113 Calculus I (4 credits) or MATH 109 Calculus with Review II (4 credits)
  • MATH 114 Calculus II (4 credits)
  • CHEM 111 General Chemistry I (4 credits)
  • CHEM 112 General Chemistry II (4 credits)
  • PHYS 111 Introduction to Classical Physics I (4 credits)
  • PHYS 112 Introduction to Classical Physics II (4 credits)
  • MATH 303 Statistics for the Applied Sciences (4 credits) or STAT 220 Statistics I (4 credits)

For students wishing to pursue careers in paleontology, geobiology, or geomicrobiology:

  • BIOL 207 Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution (4 credits) and 208 Biological Communication and Energetics (4 credits)

Biology may be substituted for one of the CHEM/PHYS sequences with permission of chair

Depending on a student’s interest and career goals, substitutions may be made for other advanced courses in Biology, Chemistry, or Physics for certain listed courses, in consultation with the geology department chair.

Major in Environmental Science: Concentration in Geoscience(B.S.)

  • ESCI 310 Environmental Problem Solving (4 credits)
  • ESCI 390 Senior Research Seminar (4 credits)

Geology courses (20 credits): 

  • GEOL 115 Environmental Geology (4 credits) or GEOL 162 Earth’s Record of Climate (4 credits)
  • GEOL 211 Earth materials (4 credits)
  • GEOL 252 Geomorphology (4 credits)
  • GEOL 310 Environmental Geochemistry (4 credits)
  • GEOL 410 Hydrogeology (4 credits)

Field course (4 credits): 

  • GEOL 260 Regional Geology and Geological Field Methods (4 credits)
  • BIOL 211 Introduction to field research (4 credits)  

Biology courses (12 credits):

  • BIOL 207 Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution (4 credits)
  • BIOL 208 Biological Communication and Energetics (4 credits)
  • BIOL 333 Ecology (4 credits) or BIOL 335 Conservation Biology (4 credits) 

Engineering course (4 credits):

  • ENGR 123 Energy and the Environment (4 credits)

Chemistry courses (4-8 credits):

  • CHEM 111 General Chemistry I (4 credits) and CHEM 112 General Chemistry II (4 credits)

or

  • CHEM 115 Accelerated General Chemistry (4 credits)

Mathematics courses (4-8 credits):

  • MATH 108 Calculus with Review I (4 credits) and MATH 109 Calculus with Review II (4 credits)

or

  • MATH 113 Calculus I (4 credits) 

Statistics course (4 credits):

  • STAT 220 Statistics I (4 credits) or MATH 303 Statistics for the Applied Sciences (4 credits) 

Humanities and Policy/Economics courses (choose two of the following)(8 credits):

  • ECON 370 Environmental and Natural Resource Economics (4 credits)
  • ENVR 212 Social Dynamics and the Environment (4 credits)
  • ENVR 301 Environmental Ethics (4 credits) or PHIL 358 Environmental Ethics (4 credits)
  • ENVR 351 Environmental Policy (4 credits) or POLS 316 Environmental Policy (4 credits)

NOTE: Additional coursework in geographic information systems, environmental policy, economics, law, etc would lead to an even stronger degree program. ESCI and ENVR affiliated faculty can provide suggestions for additional courses, co-majors, and/or minors that might be applicable. Students pursuing graduate degrees in environmental science are strongly encouraged to take introductory physics courses (PHYS 111 and 112).

Minor in Geology

Four credits from the following:

  • GEOL 110 Geology of the National Parks (4 credits)
  • GEOL 111 Introductory Physical Geology (4 credits)
  • GEOL 114 Natural Disasters (4 credits)
  • GEOL 115 Environmental Geology (4 credits)
  • GEOL 130 Earth History (4 credits)
  • GEOL 161 Medical Geology (4 credits)
  • GEOL 162 The Earth’s Record of Climate (4 credits) 

Plus four credits from the following:

  • GEOL 211 Earth Materials (4 credits)
  • GEOL 310 Environmental Geochemistry (4 credits)
  • GEOL 320 Sedimentology and Stratigraphy (4 credits)

Plus:

  • GEOL 340 Fundamentals of the Lithosphere I (Petrology) (4 credits)

Plus eight credits from the following (only four of which may be at the 100-level):

  • GEOL 130 Earth History (4 credits)
  • GEOL 161 Medical Geology (4 credits)
  • GEOL 162 The Earth’s Record of Climate (if not chosen above)(4 credits)
  • GEOL 211 Earth Materials (4 credits) (if not chosen above)
  • GEOL 220 Oceanography (4 credits)
  • GEOL 252 Earth Surface Processes and Geomorphology (4 credits)
  • GEOL 260 Regional Geology and Geological Field Methods (4 credits)
  • GEOL 310 Environmental Geochemistry (4 credits) (if not chosen above)
  • GEOL 320 Sedimentology and Stratigraphy (4 credits) (if not chosen above)
  • GEOL 360 Fundamentals of the Lithosphere II (Structural Geology) (4 credits)
  • GEOL 410 Hydrogeology (4 credits)
  • GEOL 461 Medical Geology (unless receiving credit for 161) (4 credits)
  • GEOL 462 The Earth’s Record of Climate (unless receiving credit for 162) (4 credits)

Teacher Licensure

Elementary Education with a Co-major in Science and Mathematics for Elementary Education
Elementary Education with a Specialty in Science (5-8)
Co-major in Science (5-8) – Earth and Space Science (9-12) and a Co-major in Secondary Education

See Education.