The European map was redrawn with the end of World War I, forming the new nation of Czechoslovakia (1918). This relative independence fed the pride of the Czech population of that country, united by language.
The Czech language is written in familiar Latin letters, but includes a number of diacritics (additional marks above or below letters to indicate altered pronunciation) that are unused in other European languages. At the beginning of the 20th century, printing in Czech was largely accomplished with types from German foundries, and the necessary diacritics were in some cases unavailable and in others poorly harmonized with the letters they accompanied.
Czech designers saw the need to create types of their own, which would serve the particular needs of written Czech; for example, type and book designer Vojtěch Preissig (1873-1944) cut new type punches to add proper diacritical marks to several existing faces. He went on to create the striking Preissig Antiqua typeface (1925).